Methods of Leather Tanning

The ancient methods of tanningBRTRLBG-37

In ancient history , tanning was considered toxic or “odiferous trade” and relegated to the outskirts of town , including the poor . In fact , tanning methods , the old smelly tannery still isolated from those towns today where the old methods are used. The ancients used leather waterskins, bags , harnesses, boats, armor, trembling, scabbard , boots and sandals. Around 2500 BC , the Sumerians began using leather , copper bolts, carriage wheels.

Dry skin, tanning stiff , usually arrive dirty and bloody mud. First , the ancient leather tanning soak them in water for cleaning and softening . Then they would pound and scour the skin to remove any remaining meat and fat. Next, remove the skin from the hair fiber cobbler needs . It is then impregnated by immersion in either a salt solution in the urine rot skin on the skin , with a soda-lime mixture is applied to it , or to simply check . After the hair fiber leather relax knife scrape it off.


Once the hair has been removed , softened leather material ( see below ) into a solution by the impact of brain skin or soaked in animal feces in the skin. This is a common dog feces or pigeons. Sometimes dung mixed with water in a large vat, and prepare the skin pinch in stool water until they become soft, but not too soft. Ancient tanner might use his skin rubbed feces in water, mixing may last two to three hours .

This is the urine, feces and rotting animal flesh , so that the ancient tanneries so odiferous this combination.

As a child collecting stool common sight in the old town . Located in the corner is also common , human urine can be collected using a tanning or washerwoman ‘s ” piss pot .” In some variant of this method, cedar oil, alum or tannic acid is applied to the skin as a tanning agent . As the skin is stretched , it loses moisture and absorption.

The skin becomes leftover glue. Leather tannery wastewater will be placed in a vat of water and let them deteriorate for months. The mixture will be placed over the fire to boil water to produce hide glue .

Changing these methods are still used to do -it-yourself outdoor sports enthusiasts tan leather. The use of brains and ideas , each animal ( not including buffalo ) have sufficient cause brain tanning process , said : ” Every animal has enough brains to preserve its own hide , dead or alive .”proc5

Modern methods of tanning
The first stage is the preparation of tanning . The second stage is the actual tanning and other chemical treatment. Retanning material and a dye used in the third stage to provide physical strength , and according to the desired properties of the final product . This is called tanning. After the fourth stage of any chemical surface treatment material is applied to the coated surface of the non- completion , if desired . This final stage is called finishing.

Ready to start using salted raw hides them. Curing is employed to check , since there may be a bacterial infection , due to the time lag of the opportunity to deal with the protein substance from its putrifaction purchase (collagen ) . It eliminates having excess skin from the inside of the water flow , because of the difference in osmotic pressure . Therefore , the moisture content of raw hides and skins have been great reduced.In lot of salty pickled hides and skins , and then pressed into a pack of about 30 days . Leather and curing brine bath and stirred for about 16 hours . Typically, the method is substantially the chance of bacterial growth disadvantage for curing . Therefore , curing is maintained at a very low temperature to make the appearance of

Skin, and then soaked in clean water to remove salts , and the water back to the primary content desired level , so that the skin can be used raw materials for the chemical treatment in an aqueous medium. This process is called ” soaking” , sometimes with water , moisturizing agents in the skin has become very dry low percentage of use .

Dawn process leather and fur

After soaking, the treated skin was soaked in the next processing operation wherein the curing agent is not sharpened like lime , cyanide , amines, etc.The main purpose of this operation is

1 ) Remove the hair, nails and horny matter 2) remove interfibrillary soluble proteins, such as mucin part 3 ) expansion , Fiber Division desired level 4 ) Remove the natural oils to some extent 5 ) tanned collagen appropriate conditions satisfaction

Reduced hair is dependent on the amino acid called cystine, which is kind of hair keratin , and the breaking of covalent disulfide cystine attached, to break the hydrogen reducing agent is supplied by sharpening cystine molecules wools.The characteristics.

The isoelectric point of the collagen is also transferred to about 4.7 , tends to be more acidic , the lime tanning .

Dawn process is using depilatory

1 ) sodium sulfide 2 ) NaOH 3 ) dithionite 4 ) arsenic sulfide 5 ) calcium hydride 6 ) dimethyl amine 7 ) Sodium Sulphydrate

Most of the hair with the machine , then removed with the same hand that is blunt remaining hair , the process is called scudding deleted . Depending on the final use of the leather , skins can be used to soften the treatment process are known as ” softening” of the enzyme. However , before softening , pH, decrease in collagen to a lower level so that it can be enzymes. This process is called ” de-ashing .” After completion , a rawhide is so softened , mineral tanning process under acid and salt to make done.This collagen to reduce to a very low pH levels , in order to penetrate into the mineral tanning agent, the mixture of materials . This process is known as “acid .” Check the adverse effects of a sudden drop of the salt barrier material twice as fast as the acid and pH .

Tanned with vegetable or mineral can be a way . Prior to tanning , skin unhaired, degreased , desalted and soaked in water for a period of 6-2 hours. When , during immersion in order to prevent bacterial growth on the skin damage , biocides , such as pentachlorophenol, are used.

Using tannin ( this is the name comes from tanning ) vegetable tanned . Naturally present in the bark tannin . The main bark is used in modern chestnut , oak , tanoak, hemlock, quebracho , mangrove , wattle and myrobalan . Soaking the leather is stretched frame cycle , increasing the concentration of tannin vat . Vegetable tanned leather is flexible luggage and furniture.

Mineral often used in the form of basic chromium sulfate chrome tanning . After picking, it is being used. Once the chrome penetration in the material to achieve the desired level , pH value of the material is raised again to facilitate this process. This is called alkaline. In the original state chrome tanned leather is blue, it is called ” wet blue .” Chrome than vegetable tanned ( this part of the process less than a day ) , used in the production of stretchable , ideal for purses and clothing more fast.

Depending on the desired finished, waxing can be hidden , rolled, lubricated , injected into the oil , split, shaved his head, of course , dyed. Suede , nubucks etc. are raised from the surface roughness of the ends of the rolled leather fluff .

How we tan Leather

Leather can be strong or flexible, or it can provide structural lazily drape . Texture memory retention with your hands , and the smell of the soil close to nature reminds me of you . It responds to the curve of your skin and grow in character and beautiful with age. Fine leather is fascinating and ancient Leather Company in INDIA, to help us understand how this kind of material is incredible .

Leather is not simply a dead animal’s skin. It is through a multi-step process , in a craft that can be traced back at least 5,000 years of material made ​​of leather technology . In the ancient world , formulas, whispered from father to son , and the process of trade protection guilds of medieval Europe secret. Tanning is not an easy thing. This requires experience and a dedication to quality , to produce the kind of respectable leather .

It is difficult to marvel at one pair of stately tip , or put your grandfather ‘s wallet in your hand , and understand why they feel richer and more luxurious texture so do not understand what goes into it .
Leather may comprise any type of animal skin . Ostrich , raccoon tails , goats , snakes and stingrays all want to make shoes or purse, but most worldâ € ™ leather is bovineâ € ” cow , calf , or buffalo . Leather next two largest sources are the same delicious : lamb chops and bacon , or because they know that in the leather industry , sheep and pigs most commercial leather , as you may have guessed, is a byproduct of the meat industry in all parts of the ideal While it may be the use of animals . stepchildren imperfect , it is gratifying that the industry does not provide a parallel skin leather, and toss out the steak.

Tanning , by definition , does not change the original skin fiber structure – good leather began a good skin. “We’re trying to source as many of our material is made ​​possible, ” Nick Horween said, “we get better ,” choice “, from some hidden suppliers more than others , so we buy more, we can learn from these specific broker “Horween leather mainly from North America – . Iowa, Illinois , Nebraska and Canada – and horsehide supply mainly from France , as well as Quebec and Belgium , horses are more likely to open up at the meat counter .

Curing skin during transport to prevent putrification from the slaughterhouse to the tannery , and then processed to remove any remaining hair and flesh . Lime and ash removal , softening, before cleaning and pickling ready to be tanned hide .

its is not leather until you talk about IT

Regardless of technology – the purpose is to change the materials tanned animal skin protein structure and save it from decay and turn it into a material so beloved around the world . A nice soak in the tanning liquor , carbon-based compounds or mineral tannin astringent solution , what makes you sexy rot straight to your feet.

Industrial use of different basic methods of tanning leather suitable for generating two different purposes . In skilled cobbler recipe for a good wine and gorgeous tanned finishing oil hands , vegetables and produce transcendent quality chrome tanned leather . Quickly do, however, vegetable tanned skin can crack and peel , as well as the poor quality of chrome tanned leather handbag can be considered .

Chrome tanning , the relatively new millennium history of technology, developed in 1858 . The leather is tumbled drum and chromium solution , a naturally occurring mineral . More than 80 percent of the world’s leather is chrome tanned , and the technologies used to produce the varieties suitable for a wide range of different uses of leather, such as merchandise from rugged hiking shoes , accessories , like a pair of fine ladies Naples gloves. Universal tanning results from the speed and versatility of the final skin of this method .

Hemlock, oak bark , mangroves, millet , birch, larch and pine , as well as extracts from mimosa and sumac used in various combinations and proportions of vegetable tanned leather. The older of the two methods big, ” vegetable tanning is the ” old world ” technology,” said Nick , it produces a thick , malleable leather , which is relatively limited use . Rawhide soaked in a series of mild vegetable liquor, a slow process , when used properly , resulting in the company , rugged hand-made saddle shoes and even leather.

ARK signature Shell is the only true Cordoba , Cordoba straight vegetable tanned still producing in the United States. Its deep burgundy shadow than the real Cordoba horsehide leather is cut off from the loyal insisted , was first results from the medieval Moorish Cordoba, Spain ‘s development process. ” Cordoba takes six months ,” Nick explained, ” two separate tanning every 30 days , ninety days , the rest of the hand- oiled .”

Combined use of the tanning process – initial chrome tanning , tanning liquor with vegetables . Most ARK leather , including the popular Chromexcel, using a proprietary formula tanned, smooth thermal grease filled his recipe. “Combination leather tanning is a great method because it allows us to take advantage of various benefits provided by chrome and vegetable tanning . Chrome tanning agents generally provide soft, and very durable leather. Vegetable tanned leather production is relatively easy to shape and feel more “round” in the hands of time by combining tanning , we are able tBLTRB34o produce good shape leather , feels great feeling . ”

Not all are the same leather

Tanning, Nick said, ” is a combination between science and cooking ,” because anyone who came up with the recipe at the end of the sewage in Julia Child knows the right things to get more than just following directions . “We’re always the best raw materials , such as food-grade butter, cosmetic grade beeswax … products, you may not see in the vast majority of tanneries Here the main emphasis is to make the leather skills required , and our employees are our most important process we have been part of our 20 , 30, or even 40 years, many employees – there is no alternative to this experience . ”


The Horween Leather Company was founded in 1905 by the Isadore Horween, the company and its technology has been passed down through five generations , making Horween one of the oldest continuously running tanneries in the United States . To put it in perspective – Horween contemporary Ford Motor Company and its mechanized assembly line . Horween outsourcing almost the entire U.S. manufacturing and generate greater national spirit , faster and cheaper with a century reached its position. Horween success in this century proved an impossible committed to producing the best irreplaceable .

What is natural tanning

You buy at the store with no natural tanned leather . It is chemically tanned with chromic acid. These acids are very cheap to use, but unfortunately quite toxic , so poor quality leather.

In those long ago days before the factory , before blue jeans , even before Ronald Reagan , people all over the world made ​​their clothes, shoes and all kinds of things out of natural tanned leather.

You can soft, washable leather emulsified oil and woodsmoke. This is commonly known as the brain, smoke or India tan. Animal brain is traditionally used as a source of emulsified oil , hence the name, but you can also use a mixture of eggs or soap and oil . Brain tan is the ideal clothing, bags, beadwork , and all kinds of things ( such as shoelaces, pot holders , hair tie, holding a portion of your car put together ) .

By soaking the skin can also be extracted from the bark of certain plants and tanning tannins . This is called bark brown. Tan bark so stiff , solid leather saddle , leather and hard package is useful.
Brain Tan
Brain tanning tanning is the most common method family . Tools and tanning agents are common and easy to obtain , the whole tanning process can be completed within a few days , the finished product is incredibly powerful, soft, durable , washable and warm. It reduces the wind , let your skin breathe and stretch your body movement. When a hide is tanned with hair and brain food delete it called ” buckskin .” Deerskin from any hoofed animals, including deer, elk , antelope , sheep , goats , buffalo , and even cattle ( it is, it makes the ” deer ” is not true , it is a way from making a dark skin as a deer hide ) . It’s also a great way to tan fur.

Deerskin special attention as a long-lasting and comfortable outdoor clothing, but it is also excellent bags, soft shoes and many other items . It is not waterproof.

Chrome tanned sheep and deer fur on the market currently , ” buckskin ” , even though they have very different physical properties than traditional materials . The traditional method has not been industrialized since the tanning process depends on the physical treatment than chemicals. This makes it in the backyard cobbler , it has been in the field . Deerskin mystique and reputation remained strong , however, and business interests will continue to honor it.

If you want to have some brain tan you have three options . You can do it yourself , this is a fair, although the work is not outrageous amount . You can buy it . It usually sells for 14 to 160,000 U.S. dollars . Alternatively, you can make custom clothing for you .

Learn how to buy custom clothing Brain Tan
Tan Bark
A very strong type of tan bark is still produced in many commercial tannery , is ready to be passed almost all leather dealer. This type of tan bark is almost no actual need to do at home skin tannins soak three months to a year or more ( depending on how you want leather solid ) , it is necessary a significant amount of shredded bark or plant material . Indeed bark tanning is to achieve one of the first industries in the U.S. industrial production as early as 1700 (they had a mule pulling a giant shredder , crushed bark ) .

However , there has been interest in home tanning bark volume also increased , as well as create a more soft leather tanning than what is commercially available . So we recently established an information center bark -tanned 17 ‘s . There you will find how-to articles , links , bibliography and a place to post your own experience and someone who is doing their bark tanning learning instructions. It is the knowledge gained through many tanners who attended the site to create a more and more.
With the issue of chromium Tan
Pollution of waterways is the number one problem facing modern tannery ( and folks downstream) , and chrome compound is the culprit. Chrome tan will not make your skin to breathe , which makes it very sticky and wet against the skin . It also broke a sweat and soap alkalinity ( On the other hand , you can cook chrome tan, and will not affect it , in fact, it is a common test to ensure completely hide tanning ) . I personally think that those black leather jacket folks there are very nice and comfortable. But I would not recommend it for anything else. Most home tanning book to teach you how to do this type of tanning. However, apart from making poor quality leather and pollute the environment, you also have a special order and deal with these very dangerous chemicals. Your best brain tanning.

Leather Terminology

In their process on the leather to choose any project or buy ready-made products, it is very important to understand the existing types of leather market.This guide will try to define, in general terms, many different types of leather and THIER process. Consumers are encouraged to ask questions and become familiar with these terms before making any investment. Most leather goods dealers do not have a clue about the different types of leather, or their tanning process, because they do not have experience in this area. Since 1890 there have been Zelikovitz leather. We know that leather!

Full grain or first layer of leather
It is hidden from the upper layer is divided into a splitting machine to a variety of thicknesses. This will display the natural shape of the outer scars and hair cells, if left uncorrected natural texture. The thickness of the beam and in a time of application varies depending on the setting gauge. Since then, the skin can be colored, and gives a variety of finishes. It can produce upholstered furniture, clothing, shoes or saddle, which is hidden the best, strongest, most durable layer.

Correct or embossed grain
The display scratches or excessive scarring full grain leather “correct” the natural wood grain to be processed further. After the split to the desired thickness, the natural grain or grinding and polishing and finish with embossed grain pattern to simulate a variety of hair cells are replaced. This effect will look flawless, no natural scar showing, but this is no longer true or natural grain.Original feel of natural skin and its durability is reduced or hand synthetic granules finish. Many leather shoes and handbags applications are engraved with a unique exotic printing to stimulate it.

Suede split
The second layer or full grain left after the removal of the skin split suede and lower sides of the suede. This layer will have a different thickness depending on the application. Because this is one of its lower cost of tanning, in full grain does not require as moccasins, suede clothing, handbags and tool bags and other products used in the product .. This layer of skin on one side by suedeFull grain leather finish and synthetic hair cells created by the application, called “Having split” hidden look for further processing. This type of leather is widely applied to the lower cost of furniture, clothing, and is expressed as “leather.”

Matte Suede food
This full-grain skin lightly sanding the surface layer of natural grain open in velvety suede sensory hair cells and the results give a suede effect. This is also corrected defects in natural wood, while a soft touch, which is a sensitive effect. Care must be taken to prevent contamination or staining, because it is difficult to clean. This effect is used in many clothing and decorative products and shoes. Check out our eBay store detergent and scrub the full range of protection.

Renewable Paper
Also referred to rebuild or fiber leather. Bond from being ground into dust and the remains of clothing and shoe adhesives to form the “press particleboard wood or leather.” It is composed of at least 80% of the leather fibers, and is represented as “leather.” It includes pieces from macerated skin fibroblasts and build a latex adhesive bonding pad to create a look similar, sometimes identical to the dermis, but the collagen fibers in a fraction of the cost obtained.Applications include low-priced clothing and interior decoration products. We have too much success with this product in the manufacture of low-end of the belt.

Check out our shop for a full range of bonded leather bar.

Because they use recycled leather scraps bonded leather industry can be considered on the environment and eco-friendly. In fact, it is difficult to eliminate such waste.

Tanning process
All except leather, rawhide, please contact one of the following tanning process.

Chrome tanning
This process uses a soluble chromium salts, primarily chromium sulfate, tan leather.

Beautiful quality leather is consistant in color and grade, and provides a good yield.

Ideal for: horse collars, pads, bags, bags

Vegetable tanned
The bark from the plant material is mainly used, and various other plants during the tanning process.

LATIGO vegetable tanned leather strap is a firm with an exceptional strength and durability, which is ideal for straps, bags and any tough outdoor equipment. It can also be used for harness, such as reins, stirrups, tie downs and lace. After tanning, both dead and then dipped in hot oil drums and hand-rubbed to a beautiful finish. Both sides average 22 square feet

Alum tanning
This colorless aluminum for tanning leather, is mainly used for lace leather.

Chrome tanning oil
This chrome-tanned leather is simply (as described above), and then with an oil cap to help keep the leather treatment.

Beautiful, durable leather soft supple feel right amount of oil.

Applies to: Work chapter, saddle bags and liners.

Vegetable chrome tanning
This is tanned leather (as described above), and then retanned chromium salts.

Chrome tanning Vegetarian
This leather is chrome tanned (as described above), then vegetable tanned.

Brain tanning
Typically, like deer, moose and elk game by hand scraping and natural leather tanning agents, brain and smoke are sunburned.

The result is a very soft suede-like leather called deerskin.

Other names are “brain tannned” buckskin “Indian tan”, “home tanning”, “smoke tan”, “tanned deer”, and possibly more.

Although very soft, comfortable, buckskin also very durable. This is the oldest way of tanning hides, it has been developed. It is used throughout the world at the same time or other countries in North America using the first such method, different variations, almost completely

What leathers do we use in these Leather products?

This guide will help you understand the basic differences between type used in the manufacture of leather handbags and other fashion accessories between.The type of leather used in the product is very important depends on what kind of use of the product.

Leather from bovine skin, as shown in its name. This type of leather can be in car seats, sofas and chairs in your house, as well as more durable fashion items were found. Bags made of leather, usually last longer than other types of leather wallet. Leather texture usually noticable good amount (slightly rough to the touch feeling). Many high-end manufacturers use high quality, and very expensive leather to make their products – such as a coach or Fendi.

Lambskin leather 
Lambskin leather comes from sheep. As a sheep is much less than the skin of cattle, goods made of lambskin is usually smaller. Many people like lambskin for its soft and smooth texture. Articles made of lambskin usually tear, scratches, or becomes much easier than cowhide indentation made.

Imitation leather
Artificial leather artificial leather. Materials of this type tend to look like higher quality leather. Who knew that people can touch leather or artificial leather tell the difference observed. Anyone can tell a way is artificial leather will never have any creases or deformity. Leather comes from animal skin will always appear in its lifetime experienced by the animal cuts and abrasions. Many people like faux leather, because it can be even more durable than the high-end leather, because it always looks perfect. Some people like it because they do not like to use animal skins in their products – for personal reasons.

Leather patch
Leather patch is a term used to describe when the project is from the smaller pieces made of leather. Type can be cowhide leather or sheepskin. Leather patch is almost always cheaper than other types of leather, because it is usually from the left over pieces. Some patches used in the leather is very high quality, but does not command the same price.

What type of leather is the best?
It really depends on two factors: how much you want to pay and what the project is designed to do.

If you want to:

Leather backpack – cowhide will last the longest, most do not tear easily

Handbags – leather, if you want the longest lasting, lambskin, if you want to feel the softest

Mobile phone sets – lambskin softness, durability and perfection of artificial leather

ID holder – or lambskin leather, as this type of project is generally not severe trauma occurred

Luggage Tag – leather or artificial leather

Camera case – the softness of lambskin, leather or artificial leather perfection and durability

Cigarette – lambskin softness, leather or artificial leather perfection and durability

Four Different Kinds of Leather – and How to Tell The Difference

Ever since cavemen first learned how to tan animal hides thousands of years ago, has always been considered a luxury leather. Favorite products, there are varying degrees of quality. Today is especially true, there are different forms of leather to fit almost any budget. Unfortunately, another favorite product, you will get what you pay for.

Due to the fact that leather is still in high demand, the company will make every effort to provide consumers with what they expect of leather products. The term is often confusion surrounding the industry and could lead customers to purchase low-quality leather unknowingly. In short, it is easy to use, unless you know what to look for.

I have been working for many years in the leather industry. During that time I have had enough of the development process and leather work sold to consumers, as well as the opportunity to work with different kinds of leather in different stages. Although they may look the same to the untrained eye, what are the different forms of leather, but equal.

Here is some information about the most common types of leather simple primer, and how to differentiate between them.

Full grain:
This is the best of the best when it comes to leather, and is equally expensive.Did not take any measures to hide in order to improve it. To determine whether the full-grain leather is the easiest way is by looking for small scars and blemishes. When a cow is an insect or scratch themselves bitten in fence posts, it can end up like a man with a scar. These defects are a great natural leather characteristics. Because it has not been anything that leather is still strong, and will not wear over time.

Top seeds:
While this sounds like it is the best, the top layer of skin, in reality, a step lower than whole grains. It already has a “split” layer separated from the “top food” layer.1 hide tanning but before it was in color, it is lightly polished to remove most defects. This also eliminates some of the feel and the leather grain, making it feel and look a little like plastic. It will eventually wear out, but because of grinding, it will not develop a beautiful patina over time. This is a popular form of leather because it is cheaper than full grain. But be careful.Some dealers will receive full-grain price assumptions of their customers do not know what the greatest meaning.

Look at your arm skin moment. See wrinkles between your hair? This is your skin’s texture. Cow skin also has it, only bigger and more obvious. When a leather polished or polished, removing defects, grain can be deleted. When this happens, the hidden seem lifeless and dull. Thus, it can be printed or embossed with fake food, to make it look more realistic. An example of this is the leather car found. This is not a good leather, and not aging well.

Recycled leather:
The bottom of the barrel of the leather industry. Essentially, Bonded leather is nothing more than has been glued (bonded) together to form something like leather scraps. Think of it as particleboard. Furniture manufacturing sawdust and glue have been manufactured inexpensively reputation. The same applies to the bonded leather. It will wear out quickly, can not afford any injuries.Compared to other forms of leather, which makes it very popular is incredibly cheap. If you’re trying to choose a combination of leather and fabric between the fabric choice, if you have concerns about durability.

Kinds of Leather?

Leather Types

Leather is composed of many animals, but mainly cattle, goats, sheep and pig skin made. Although there are a wide variety of types of leather, leather can usually be put into three categories: -

Pigment (Protection)
The type you choose depends on the usage of the appearance of the product and the product you want to receive: -

Aniline leather is the most natural, and natural visible on the surface, but is less resistant to pollution

Semi-aniline leather is interposed between the two in these two areas, with a light surface coating

Pigment (protection) Leather is the most durable, but less natural in appearance, with a polymer coating

… So, if you buy a leather suite and you have a young family, aniline suites may not be suitable for you! If you look at the label on the label leather item you are viewing, we should say what type of leather it is – otherwise ask the salesperson!

So now you know a little about the three types of leather, but to find out what makes leather or aniline dye, and why some are more durable than others to visit more of it than you think.

More than meets the eye …

More technical aspects of the main types of leather here, you should be able to find the …… You can even tell us how to go section, where you show how to identify the different leather …

Aniline leather is the most natural leather hide remaining visible unique surface properties. Aniline leather dyes and coloring not only the surface of the coating and the polymer and pigment. Optical surface coating can be used to enhance the appearance and provide protection against light pollution spill.Aniline leather

Aniline aniline leather than half, while still retaining the natural appearance and more durable. By increasing the durability of a light-receiving surface of the coating, the coating contains a small amount of pigment applications provide. This will ensure consistent color, gives some stain resistance.

Pigmented leather is the most durable, using the majority of furniture, almost all car interiors. Durability is achieved by the polymer coating, the coating comprising a pigment provided.

Coating allows manufacturers to better control the properties of the leather, such as: anti-scratch or discoloration.

Surface coating thickness can vary, but if the average thickness of more than 0.15 mm as the product does not sell leather due to the Consumer Protection Act in the UK.

Remain unchanged until full grain leather surface pigment particle surface coating is applied.

Shaving leather pigment particle surface is worn, remove surface coating defects before being applied. A decorative texture pattern, then embossed into the surface.

(Tantamount to full-grain leather coloring with the naked eye)

Second floor of the middle or lower section of the polymer coating applied to hide, embossed imitation grain leather. Completion of the split should only be used in low stress applications because they are weaker than grain leather.

(Tantamount to full-grain leather coloring with the naked eye)

Antique pattern (dual-tone or wipe) a special surface effect has been created to mimic the unique ‘wear’ the emergence of traditional leather. This is accomplished by a comparison of the pale-colored topcoat is applied unevenly or partially rubbed off to expose the underlying implementation.

Pull leather 

(Also known as waxy or oily pull) with a natural appearance stretched during wear to produce a unique wear over time, and is actually illuminated color leather.


Aniline dyed leather has been slightly polished surface of the particles to create a velvety finish or nap. In some cases, the texture pattern is still visible.Nap because he was nervous fiber structure grain layer is very thin.


Worn to create a unique nap split. Nap can vary in appearance, but the structure is not loose fibers as fine matte nap.


Full grain leather means that there has been no grinding or polishing.

Grinding or polishing to remove surface defects in the leather, Polishing except where the case is very light.

Embossing is a process, hot extrusion artificial texture pattern to the leather. If no grinding or polishing, these are still considered full leather grain. This coloring process is usually applied to the leather, but can also use the semi-aniline and aniline.

Please refer to the glossary for more terms.

How to Tell 

When it comes to identifying the type of leather, you can not beat the proper training and experience, but the care and patience anyone can do it!

How does it feel for you? 

In addition to the appearance, feel and deal with how the leather is a big clue, its type. Aniline leather feel like real skin – light and flexible – and a re-coloring (protection) leather can feel a bit like plastic.

Car almost entirely colored leather interior, protecting its heavy use from a few years, because it is the domestic furniture leather. Of the challenges faced by the leather industry is currently facing is to produce lighter, aniline leather with the durability and resistance to pollution pigment leather.

Aniline leather 

Note how the crease is very obvious, because the surface coating they have not been filled out. The grain pattern depending on the species (in this case the sheep), and it is from a part of the animal.


Leather ignored slightly different texture pattern (which is a different breed of sheep), but noted that the crease is less obvious, because they have already been partially filled by a surface coating, because if the surface has been covered with a thin layer thin paint.

Pigmented skin 

Please note that if the surface has been given several coats of paint texture pattern of creases How has filled. In this case, you can see the texture of the finished pattern is embossed into the leather. Can you tell if this is the whole grain or shave without checking it under a microscope. Although the sample having a matte leather coloring to be glossy.

Completion of the split 

You need to find a cut or torn edges, to distinguish them from full grain or corrected grain leather finished pigment division. Near grain leather (top) surface of the fiber is more dense particles, and in the completed division (in) the fibers are loosely along the same pigment coating.

Crystal layer is an obvious lack of, if the finished product is split tear.

We all fall for the sales negotiations for some time – some of us have even given the sales negotiations – which is not very good. When you buy a leather item you expect quality, durability … and hope that it is leather too!

Leather page to see what is, find all legal and standard definition on leather UK. As you will see, things are not what they seem …

Restoring Old Leather Shoes

Blog readers, in light of shoe polish contest, it’s some of his old Loake’s a few pictures (he estimated 12-20 years old), he was looking forward to taking a relatively new state from the trash in just a matter of several hours and some of the ways he’s “How to create a patina” learned. Although you can use most of these methods are really doing the same thing, I’ll explain in this post, I will add some more stringent, in order to shoe leather and the overall appearance of the revival. In reality, it is really hard to completely destroy one pair of well-made shoes. Right, upper leather only thing you can not repair torn. Of course, there are some people who might be able to fix it for you, some way or another, but it will never look the same. However, as long as you do not tear the ceiling or put a whole insole, the shoes do most things can be resolved, and with the knowledge and the right product for the user to bring a little life back shoes.

After the above-mentioned before, which I completed. Just shine, but – finish without stripping

As you can see, he’s quite a man Loake state. Most people would look at these, the possible feelings, perhaps a homeless man with nonsense, the amount they have built a good idea to give them. But fortunately, the reader does not throw them away, but saw an opportunity to make a project out, see how he can bring back to life for them. Below I will quote his words,

“Today, I found an old Loake, I bought about twenty years ago, because I may be the first” proper “shoes (BTW, did not seem to have the right Loake for me because!) From the first picture, you can see these neglected beast is in a sad state: squeeze, scratch, dry, covered in mold are generally looking for disposal.

But because of your blog, I was inspired to go out, buy some nail polish remover, stripped down and find a lovely tan leather dyed with beeswax and linseed re-nourish them and give them a polish. Here, they are with some funky laces, shoe repairer pass now to the new soles.

Saved from the garbage about three hours! There is no “Mermaid aloof” I will not do it, I’d rather proud of them! ”

And proud, he should be because he did a great job, as you can see below!

After the above pre-

Now, one I’ve never talked about this blog and other trick is reshaping the leather. When you have the shoes are 20-30 years old, have had a lot of wear and tear, and many overlook, you will get some deformity of leather, and many creases, but it may be too loose significantly. Therefore, to solve these things, I will share with you some tips and tricks.

To molded into the form of a beautiful leather again:

Your shoes immersed into water, thoroughly and let soak for at least 10 minutes. After that, take it out, put your shoes stays, or put it next to the heater, but not on the line, on the side, or if it is summer, and then use a hair dryer to dry it. However, for at least six inches away from the shoes. This idea is a bit like what they tell you, baseball cap or you narrow your clothes is formed: high heat will shrink after soaking the leather (and most things) in place.

To help wrinkles out:

First things first, you’ll want to put a shoe tree in your shoes, is a size too big, so you have a very tight fit, because the wrinkles you need is the same stretch possible.

A method, which is not practical for the average person, the use of electric heat gun (close when the leather is dry) where blown wrinkles / folds of leather.High heat, and taut leather will help loosen and remove wrinkles settings.Obviously, nothing is as good as another long-lasting, but the house remedies that will help do the trick. Another method which may be more practical to do what is called scooping. This is an old military spit-N’-polish trick, so you heat a tablespoon (or some with a lighter flame), then burn the wax into the pores of the leather to get a real smooth surface. But we do not use wax, but you will want to do rub the leather in the crease area the same thing (although having trees) with hot spoon to shape the leather back in place this time. Do not be afraid to put some force into it.

Now, there is a warning, when it comes to scooping. It will burn leather. Black you will not see it, but in a tan you definitely will. So, do not for a new pair of shoes, you can still do it like that way lighter than the dark brown. Anyway, if you’re going to have to peel it, then it does not matter ….

Leather Boot Repair

Careful repair help prevent further damage leather.

While boots boots than artificial fabric needs a little more care in the way of comfort and performance rewards are worth it. Unlike rubber or synthetic leather … Fabric … was once alive. To keep the leather is soft, soft, breathable cover through which oil is supplied once the animal. Now, these oils are not provided automatically, we need to restore the natural oil may maintain and regulate leather.

Water itself is not harmful to the dermis … However, in water, snow or wet grass and soakings, floating in oil through the pores of the leather, the leather hardens when caused by dry, if not treated promptly. That is why it is necessary to occasionally recover oil leather.

Principal … dry weather … hot … and caked mud are the main reason for premature rupture of leather. If caked dirt and mud will not be removed from the surface of the leather, it depicts the pores of the oil by-point leather …… leave the leather dry and brittle. When left untreated dirty and dry skin is not only shrinking, but the dust and sand is like sandpaper on the surface of the leather.Dirty, crisp skin continues to break down the fibers can lead to premature bending and leather cracking. It is not necessarily so.

With a little preventive maintenance, a good pair of boots can easily lasts 15 to 20 years … or even longer. I’m still wearing several pairs of birds hunting boots, hiking shoes are over 20 years old …… I’ve been on the wet grass, brush, snow, ice, mud, rocks, forests, and mountains gone shale How many miles. Although they have been resoled several times … the leather is still soft, because I have to take care of them for years.

Our maintenance department considers boots have such terrible abuse …… This pair of high-country hunters. Master these boots … a very good friend …… actually wear these boots for years … never refurbished leather. When he sent them for resoling, we were shocked to see the poor condition of the leather.After our original commitment to their maintenance department, we use Fiebing glycerin saddle soap them.

So we do Obenauf’s heavy leather preservatives two applications.
After the first application, we put them in a black plastic bag and let them sit in the hot sun of the day Obenauf penetrate the leather.
After Obenauf second application, we use a hair dryer to work in hot leather trimmed leather. The end result can be seen here:

Just a little bit of effort, we can make this pair of boots …… has been severely abused and neglected for years … back to their original soft, supple state.Luckily, we caught the problem before the leather was destroyed.
You need to clean and dress up your boots and shoes frequency depends on the amount and the conditions in which you wear them. If skin dryness or wear and absorbs moisture …… you late for your boots a little tender loving care. First clean with leather saddle soap and warm water to clean pores and seams.Give them a good shower to remove all dirt.
Every day we work with leather. Dermis of the skin … with fiber and pore …… …… like our own skin needs to be lubricated in order to breathe. We buy boots, shoes, jackets and gloves, because leather breathe …. very comfortable …… it can protect us from the elements.

Even Gore Tex boots made of leather require regular maintenance to keep the leather healthy. Treatment of Gore Tex boots only with solvent-based products.

Trying to “seal off” leather boots defeat the whole purpose. Like your skin, leather, must be able to breathe. Use appropriate leather preservative and waterproofing products, make sure that your fine leather boots will remain soft, breathable, waterproof, simply continue to fulfill your years to come.

The key to keeping leather is gradually restore natural oils. More is not better in this case. Lubrication prevents leather fibers gradually become dry and brittle leather. It is better to use leather preservative and waterproofing products two or three times, instead of making an application for heavy leather can only digest so much at one time product.

No matter what brand you buy before boots …… it is always best to apply antiseptic and waterproof leather dressing them, you can even wear farther.”Dressed” the boots will not absorb moisture, first hunting …… not start premature wear. Grass and brush sliding surface of the treated leather, rather than mining and cutting.

Avoid using a commercially available “so-called leather machine” or waterproofing products contain chemical substances, mink oil, or according to petroleum products, such as snow mark. Do not use alcohol, turpentine or mineral spirits corrosive household cleaners. These products can actually cause damage, burning deteriorating leather and stitching.

Russell Moccasin, we recommend some professional guidance and shoes dressing for our customers, in order to safeguard and protect the leather, waterproof … them and help them realize their full potential.

We strongly recommend that many of our heavy leather Obenauf’s leather preservative. Obenauf’s leather dressing is not only one of the best … to restore natural oils leather …… but it is also an excellent anti-agent, which stands up well in wet hunting Conditions. We found a unique Obenauf suspension lasts longer …… …… ever …… but gradually release the natural oils into the leather.Obenauf is made from all natural ingredients, including antibacterial resin waterproofing wax or propolis …… collected by bees into the hive and disinfection. Because Obenauf is 100% natural it has no odor or chemical odor of white-tailed deer, elk, bear’s sensitive nose will find alarming. If applied correctly, and processed into leather, Obenauf is ideal for use from boots WeatherTuff leather, oil tanned, elk Germany, France veal, Bullhide, navigation, driftwood and buffalo horn made of leather.

For brushed suede or leather-like WeatherBuck or Laramie We recommend that you clean the surface with a brass shoe brush or wash with plain water, then processed leather products such as suede water and stain protection Kelly, or sprayed silicon. Kelly is ideal because it leaves an invisible water protection, will not darken light-colored leather.

In order to keep drawing hippopotamus looking fresh, clean, light brushing and SCOTCHGUARD and / or applications of silicones done a very good job. Kelly suede water and stain protection is another option.
For tanning oil, widely used in our safari “PH value” line, many of our shoes with brass brush to clean the surface and fresh leather exterior work properly.Provide a waterproof and protect the leather you can also use the Kelly suede water and stain protection

Soften and protect the suede leather, we offer a specially formulated oil to soften suede, suede preserves and protection. Use suede oil, however, will temporarily darken the leather.

We recommend some leather, chrome tanned as another product, navigator, driftwood, bison and Spain shrunken leather shoulder Venice shoe polish. It is clean, wax and restore natural oils. While cleaning leather, and helps prevent scuffs, it is not waterproof Obenauf, but usually not suitable for use in the field suffered heavy casual shoes. After it dries, it can be polished to a nice sheen.

For fine leather, such as ostriches, there may be no better product ostrich leather care lotion softer than raising new Pecard. Simple to use. Just apply a thin coat and dry with a soft cloth or shoe lovers. Leather Care Lotion is free of paraffin, do not darken the leather, ostrich and even light-colored or white leather. It leaves the leather protective waterproof finish.
As a first step, we recommend to clean up all the non-oil-tanned leather and suede surface occasionally Fiebing glycerin saddle soap bar. This professional soap bar will last for many people for many years, because it does not require much work is done. This is a good stand-alone product in elephants and cape buffalo leather used. Once applied and allowed to dry, light polishing on the surface of the leather will bring out a nice sheen.
Clean your boots is easy. Use a soft brush or cloth and saddle soap and warm water to scrub the dirt. And do not be afraid to clean the inside of all your boots too … with a damp cloth and saddle soap or baking soda and water, acid and salt solution and in vivo. After cleaning, let your air conditioning and leather boots slowly refurbishing them to dry naturally.

Here’s a tip for those who wear high-end casual shoes and Oxford with your daily business unify your business people. When you put “business shine” on the top of your corporate uniforms shoes …… do not forget to oil or wear leather soles. A small thin layer applied to the soles of your shoes …… will ensure that the “soul” will last longer. Remember, dry leather deteriorate faster than oiled leather. Oiled leather will not absorb any corrosive salts ready.

If your boots become soaked for any reason …… whether it is wading into the water over the top or just perspriation soaked from heavy hunting …… you should carefully dry your boots to maintain its integrity.

First …… The most important thing is …… never …… never dry fire or strong heat boots next. Let them naturally and slowly dried. If you have access to electricity in the camp … a Peet boot dryer works great.

For best results, pull the laces of your boots wet or sweaty …… if you wear them to remove the insole or orthotic … open them to allow air circulation.
If your boots are completely soaked …… whatever reason … After gently taking off their stuff immediately with newspaper or paper towels. Let paper to draw moisture out of the leather for half an hour or so …… then repeat these paper stuffing. When you draw the initial moisture with paper towels or newspaper, turn on your boots up as wide as possible to allow air circulation. If the weather is warm and dry, set them outside. If you have access to an indoor air circulation fan, do so. Remember, do not worry. Drying boots naturally takes time.

It requires a lot of walking and physical exertion physically demanding remote hunting … your feet will sweat, so your boots wet inside. Return to camp while trying to paper towels or newspaper routines quickly draw out moisture. How much water you will be drawn in the newspaper or paper towels leather surprised. You ready to go through the next morning, your boots will be very dry.

When it comes to put your boots and shoes maintenance … just remember one old man once told me …. “Even if you already have in your life is a Tweety Bird …… you still have to take take care of it. “great advice, especially when it comes to put your boots and shoes maintenance.


After the front ………. and …………
Just because you’ve run out of your shoe soles Russell …… it does not automatically mean your boots ready for the trash. Although not very many brands of hunting boots can be repaired, Russell boots can. Due to the unique structure of Russell boots and shoes, it is easy to replace worn soles. Simply peel off the old rubber sole and a new sole bottom consolidation in place.Turnaround time is generally not more than three weeks.

In extreme cases, such as this … our maintenance department can literally rebuild a pair of boots. This pair of sheep hunters need a new molded sole, new intermediate mezzanine, new works toes and soles. This “friend” is returned to the customer, and provide more miles of comfort and enjoy their masters.

While we will be happy to sell you a brand new pair … your old Russell can be repaired and refurbished nominal cost in most cases.

(Some boots are not repairable …… professional hunters such as South Africa, Paul Stone Zoo boots old Paul tells us that every day he wore these boots more than three years … 1100 days in the jungle .. Wear hard not properly cared for. repair them if he returned earlier, we can save

Suitable for cutting leather protection cream with a toothpick hidden rows and other defects. Mix the cream to the affected area.

Things you need 
Castile soap
Clean rag
Plastic leather
Leather protection cream
Leather Dye / Leather Repair Kit
Emery cloth
Replace the skin
Small brush
Leather Conditioner

Cleaner alternative to rubbing alcohol, if you do not have olive soap.
Never use a wet cloth to clean the leather to avoid water damage.

Leather repair Made simple

Cuts and other damage leather furniture, car seats and even leather clothing that does not mean the project can not be repaired. Leather glue and dyes leather repair kit can be used to repair leather, often rendering the damage is not obvious. Always use glue designed specifically for leather, do not use other types of plastic, such as white glue, glue, wood glue, all of which can damage the leather.
By using a bit of Castile soap on a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt clean the leather. Leather lovers gently with a cloth, and then with another clean, damp cloth to remove soap residue. Let the leather dry completely before continuing.
Pinched between the affected area of ​​your finger to cut the entire length of the view. With a toothpick or other suitable tool, leather suitable for cutting plastic carefully exposed area.
Use your hand to push the cutting edge together. By the cross-sectional area to release the excess glue. Wipe the glue with a clean cloth and allow the area to dry completely.
Suitable for cutting leather protection cream with a toothpick hidden rows and other defects. Mix the cream to the affected area.
Applicable leather repair kit from the cross-sectional area of ​​dye to restore the color, leather protection cream if it is not enough. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, and allows the use of leather dyes before fully dry.
Burns / big hole
Remove as much of the burning part of the side, you can use emery cloth or sandpaper (if applicable). Be careful not to scratch the leather intact areas.
Please use olive soap and water surrounding areas. Pale yellow dirt and debris with a clean damp cloth. Another one with a clean, damp cloth to remove soap. Let dry the area.
Leather cut out an alternative, suitable for burned area and want to repair leather color match. Apply glue to replace the leather and the back surface of the skin with a small brush, then press the top of the repair replacement leather. Wipe excess glue with a clean rag.
Apply leather conditioner to make patches less noticeable. If necessary, use leather dyes from a leather repair kit, make a patch seamless appearance.Follow the instructions to get the best effect kit.
Things you need
Castile soap
Clean rag
Plastic leather
Leather protection cream
Leather Dye / Leather Repair Kit
Emery cloth
Replace the skin
Small brush
Leather Conditioner

Cleaner alternative to rubbing alcohol, if you do not have olive soap.
Never use a wet cloth to clean the leather to avoid water damage.
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